CMDR Publications




Below is a list our nanotechnology-based publications from 1985 to the present. Topics include dendritic, self-assembly, supramolecular, and fractal-based chemistry. For a list of our patents, please click here.


  • "Stiochiometric Self-Assembly of Shape-Pesistent 2D Complexes: A Facile Route to a Symmetric, Supramacromolecular Spoked Wheel"
    Wang, J.-L.; Li, X.; Lu, X.; Hsieh, I-F.; Cao, Y.; Moorefield, C. N.; Wesdemiotis, C.; Cheng, S. Z. D.; Newkome, G. R.
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, DOI: 10.1021/ja203645m.

  • "Novel Twofold Interpenetrating Channel Framework Based on Metal Tetarmer Subunits"
    Guo, J.; Li, X.; Moorefield, C. N.; Newkome, G. R.
    Cryst. Growth Des. 2011, 11(7), 2696-2697.


  • "Gradient Tandem Mass Spectrometry Interfaced with Ion Mobility Separation for the Characterization of Supramolecular Architectures"
    Li, X.; Chan, Y.-T.; Newkome, G. R.; Wesdemiotis, C.
    Anal. Chem. 2011, 83, 1284-1290.


  • "Design, Synthesis, and Traveling Wave Ion Mobility Mass Spectrometry Characterization of Iron(II)- and Ruthenium(II)-Terpyridine Metallomacrocycles"
    Chan, Y.-T.; Li, X.; Jing, Y.; Carri, G. A.; Moorefield, C. N.; Newkome, G. R.; Wesdemiotis, C.
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, DOI: 10.1021/ja107307u.


  • "Towards Larger Polygonal Architectures: Synthesis and Characterization of Iron(II)- and Ru(II)-Bisterpyridine Metallomacrocycles"
    Chan, Y.-T.; Li, X.; Moorefield, C. N.; Wesdemiotis, C.; Newkome, G. R.
    Chem. Eur. J. 2011, 17, 7750-7754.


  • "Dendron-Functionalized Bisterpyridine-Iron(II) or -Cadmium(II) Metallomacrocycles: Synthesis, Traveling Wave Ion Mobility Mass Spectrometry, and Photophysical Properties"
    Wang, J.-L.; Li, X.; Lu, X.; Chan, Y.-T.; Moorefield, C. N.; Wesdemiotis, C.; Newkome, G. R.
    Chem. Eur. J. 2011, 17, 4830-4838.


  • "Sterically congested, hexameric tetrakispyridinyl-PdII/CdII-metallomacrocycles: self-assembly and structural characterization"
    Perera, S.; Li, X.; Gao, M.; Wesdemiotis, C.; Moorefield, C. N.; Newkome, G. R.
    Chem. Commun. 2011, 4658-4660.


  • "A Rigid Metallohexameric Macrocycle Composed of Endo- and Exo-cyclic Bisterpyridine-Metal Complexes"
    Li, S.; Moorefield, C. N.; Shreiner, C. D.; Wang, P.; Sarkar, R.; Newkome, G. R.
    New J. Chem. 2011, DOI:10.1039/c1nj20195f.


  • "Self-Assembly, Disassembly, and Reassembly of Gold Nanorods Mediated by Bis(terpyridine)-Metal Connectivity"
    Chan, Y.-T.; Li, S.; Moorefield, C. N.; Wang, P.; Shreiner, C. D.; Newkome, G. R.
    Chem. Eur. J.2010, 16(14), 4164-4168.


  • "Ultrafast Time-resolved Spectroscopy of Self-Assembled Cyclic Fe(II)-Bisterpyridine Complexes"
    Yoon, Z. S.; Chan, Y.-T.; Li, S.; Newkome, G. R.; Goodson, T. G., III
    J. Phys. Chem. B 2010, 114(36), 11731-11736.


  • "Metal-Containing and Metallo-Supramolecular Polymers and Materials"
    Hornig, S.; Manners, I.; Newkome, G. R.; Schubert, U. S.
    Macromol. Chem. Phys. 2010, 211(11), 1246-1279.


  • "Shape-Persistent, Truxene-Based, Nano-Sized Bisterpyridine Ruthenium(II) Complexes: Synthesis and Photophysical Properties"
    Wang, J.-L.; Chan, Y.-T.; Moorefield, C. N.; Pei, J.; Modarelli, D. A.; Romano, N. C.; Newkome, G. R.
    Macromol. Rapid Commun. 2010, 31(9-10), 850-855.


  • "Hexameric Palladium(II) Terpyridyl Metallomacrocycles: Self-assembly with 4,4'-Bipyridine and Characterization by TWIM-Mass Spectormetry"
    Perera, S.; Li, X.; Soler, M.; Schlutz, A.; Wesdemiotis, C.; Moorefield, C. N.; Newkome, G. R.
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2010, 49(37), 6539-6544.


  • "Unexpected Isolation of a Pentameric Metallomacrocycle from an Fe(II)-Mediated Complexation of 120º Juxtaposed 2,2':6',2''-Terpyridine Ligands"
    Chan, Y.-T.; Moorefield, C. N.; Soler, M.; Newkome, G. R.
    Chem. Eur. J. 2010, 16(6), 1768-1771.


  • "Synthesis, characterization, and self-assembed nanofibers of carbohydrate-functionalized mono- and di(2,2':6',2''-terpyridinyl)arenes"
    Chan, Y.-T.; Moorefield, C. N.; Newkome, G. R.
    Chem. Commun. 2009, 6928-6930.


  • "Self-Assembly and Traveling Wave Ion Mobility Mass Spectrometery Analysis of Hexacadium Macrocycles"
    Chan, Y.-T.; Li, X.; Soler, M.; Wang, J.-L.; Wesdemiotis, C.; Newkome, G. R.
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131(45), 16395-16397.


  • "Seven-Membered and Larger Rings and Fused Derivatives," Volume 13, 587 pages, 2008 and "Eight-membered and larger Heterocyclic Rings and their Fused Derivatives, other Seven-membered rings," Volume 14, 1115 pages, 2008, in "Comprehensive Heterocyclic Chemistry III,"
    Newkome, G. R., Volume Editor and Member of the Editorial Board, Elsevier Ltd., Oxford.


  • "Dendrimer-Metallomacrocycle Composites: Nanofiber Formation by Multi-Ion Pairing"
    Wang, P.; Moorefield, C. N.; Jeong, K.-U.; Hwang, S.-H.; Li, S.; Cheng, S. Z. D.; Newkome, G. R. , Adv. Mater. 2008, 20, 1381-1385.


  • "Surface Properties of a Series of Amphiphilic Dendrimers with Short Hydrophobic Chains"
    Sun, J.; Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.; Russo, P. S., Langmuir 2008, 24, 1858-1862.


  • "Poly(amidoamine), Poly(propylenimine), and Related Dendrimers and Dendrons Possessing Different 1 ? 2 Branching Motifs: An Overview of Divergent Procedures"
    Newkome, G. R.; Shreiner, C. D., Polymer, 2008, 49, 1-173.


  • "Dendritic Macromolecules for Organic Light-Emitting Diodes"
    Hwang, S.-H.; Moorefield, C.N.; Newkome, G. R. , Chem. Soc. Rev. 2008, 37(11), 2543-2557.


  • "Square Planar Pd(II), Pt(II), and Au(III) Terpyridine Complexes: Their Synthesis, Physical Properties, Supra-molecular Constructs, and Biomedical Activities"
    Eryazici, I.; Moorefield, C. N.; Newkome, G. R., Chem. Rev. 2008, 108(6), 1834-1895.


  • "Construction of Trimeric Hexagon-like Macrocycles through Bis-terpyridine Ligand-Fe(II) Complexation"
    Li, S.; Moorefield, C. N.; Wang, P.; Shreiner, C. D.; Newkome, G. R., Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2008, 19, 3328-3334.


  • "Eight-Membered and Larger Rings"
    Newkome,G.R. in "Progress in Heterocyclic Chemistry," Gribble, G. W.; Gilchrist, T. L. eds., Pergamon Press, 2008, 20, 459-475.


  • "Clicking" Fullerene with Polymers: Synthesis of [60]Fullerene End-Capped Polystyrene"
    Zhang, W.-B.; Tu, Y.; Ranjan, R.; Horn, R. M. V.; Leng, S.; Wang, J.; Polce, M. J.; Wesdemiotis, C.; Quirk, R. P.; Newkome, G. R.; Cheng, S. Z. D., Macromolecules 2008, 41(3), 515-517.


  • "An efficient, mild, and modular approach to stable, well-defined fullerene polymers via "click" chemistry"
    Zhang, W.-B.; Tu, Y.; Ranjan, R.; Horn, R. M. V.; Leng, S.; Wang, J.; Polce, M. J.; Wesdemiotis, C.; Quirk, R. P.; Newkome, G. R.; Cheng, S. Z. D., Polym. Prepr. 2007, 49(1), 137-138.


  • "Nanomolecular architectures: The application of crystal engineering to metallodendritic assembly"
    Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.; Wang, P.; Li, S.; Lu, X., Polym. Prepr. 2007, 48(2), 631-632.


  • "Effect of Ionic Binding on the Self-Diffusion of Anionic Dendrimers and Hydrophilic Polymers in Aqueous Solutions As Studied by Pulsed Gradient NMR Techniques"
    Thérien-Aubin, H.; Zhu, X. X.; Moorefield, C. N.; Kotta, K.; Newkome, G. R., Macromolecules 2007, 40(10), 3644-3649.


  • "Recent Applications for Metallodendrimers"
    Hwang, S.-H.; Shreiner, C. D.; Moorefield, C. N.; Newkome, G. R., New J. Chem. 2007, 31(7), 1192-1217.


  • "Synthesis of a water-soluble hexameric metallomacrocycle and its oxidized single-wall carbon nanotubes composite"
    Wang, P.; Moorefield, C. N.; Li, S.; Manríquez, J.; Shreiner, C. D.; Bustos, E.; Hartley, A. L.; Godínez, L.A.; Newkome, G. R., J. Mater. Chem. 2007, 17, 3023-3029.


  • "Eight-Membered and Larger Rings"
    Newkome,G.R. in "Progress in Heterocyclic Chemistry," Gribble, G. W.; Gilchrist, T. L. eds., Pergamon Press, 2007, 19, 465-483.


  • "Eight-Membered and Larger Rings"
    Newkome,G.R. in "Progress in Heterocyclic Chemistry," Gribble, G. W.; Gilchrist, T. L. eds., Pergamon Press, 2007, 18, 430-448.


  • "Metallodendrimers and Their Potential Utilitarian Applications"
    Hwang,S.-H.; Newkome,G.R. in "Frontiers in Transition Metal-Containing Polymers" Abd-El-Aziz, A. S. and Manners, I., eds., John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2007, Chapter 10, pp 399-438.


  • "5,10,15,20-Tetrakis[4'-(terpyridinyl)phenyl]porphyrin and its Ru(II) complexes: Synthesis, photovoltaic properties, self-assembled morphology"
    Cho,T.J.; Shreiner,C.D.; Hwang,S.-H.; Moorefield,C. N.; Courneya,B.; Godínez,L. A.; Manríquez,J.; Jeong,K.-U.; Cheng,S. Z. D.; Newkome,G. R.
    Chem.Commun. 2007, 4456-4458


  • "Design, characterization, and X-ray structure of an interlocked dinuclear chair-like metallomacrocycle: [FeII2(3,5-bis(2,2':6',2''-terpyridin-4'-phen-3-yl)toluene)2][4PF6-]"
    Eryazici,I.; Wang,P.; Moorefield,C.N.; Panzer,M.; Durmas,M.; Shreiner,C.D.; Newkome,G.R.
    Dalton Trans. 2007, 626-628


  • "Synthesis and Photophysical Properties for Fluorescent Hexameric Metallomacrocycles: Zinc(II)-Mediated Self-Assembly of Bis(terpyridine) Ligands"
    Hwang,S.-H.; Moorefield,C.N.; Wang,P.; Kim,J.-Y.; Lee,S.-W.; Newkome,G.R.
    Inorg.Chim.Acta 2007, 360, 1780-1784


  • "Terpyridines: Synthesis, Complexation and Applications in Supramolecular, Polymer and Materials Science"
    Newkome,G.R.; Shubert, U. S.; Hofmeier, H., Wiley-VCH Verlag, Weinheim, Germany, 2006


  • "Design, synthesis and photoelectrochemical properties of hexagonal metallomacrocycles based on triphenylamine: [M6(4,4'-bis(2,2':6',2''-terpyridinyl)triphenylamine)6(X)12]; [M = Fe(II), PF6¯ and Zn(II), BF4¯]"
    Hwang,S.-H.; Moorefield,C.N.; Wang,P.; Fronczek,F.R.; Courtney,B.H.; Newkome,G.R.
    Dalton Trans. 2006, 3518-3522


  • "Tetramethyl 2,6-dioxoadamantane-1,3,5,7-tetracarboxylate"
    Keblys,V.E.; Fronczek,F.R.; Newkome,G.R.; Watkins,S.F.; Weis,C.D.
    Acta Cryst. E 2006, 62, o3280-o3281


  • "Construction of CdS quantum dots via a regioselective dendritic functionalized cellulose template"
    Hwang,S.-H.; Moorefield,C.N.; Jeong,K.-U.; Cheng,S.Z.D.; Newkome,G.R.
    Chem. Commun. 2006, 3495-3497


  • "Formation of a Series of (n = 2 - 6) Oligomers in a Single Pot Reaction"
    Cho,T.J.; Moorefield,C.N.; Hwang,S.-H.; Wang,P.; Godínez,L.A.; Bustos,E.; Newkome,G.R.
    Eur.J.Org.Chem. 2006, 4193-4200


  • "[6,6'-Bis(chloromethyl)-2,2'-bipyridyl]dichlorocobalt(II)"
    Nellas,R.B.; Fronczek,F.R.; Newkome,G.R.; Watkins,S.F.; Xia,Y.
    Acta Cryst.E 2006, 62, m1522-m1523


  • "TerpyridineCuII Polycarboxylate Crystal Reorganization to One- and Two-Dimensional Nanostructures: Crystal Disassembly and Reassembly"
    Wang,P.; Moorefield,C.N.; Panzer,M.; Newkome,G.R.
    Cryst.Growth Design 2006, 6, 1563-1565


  • "Mass spectrometry analysis of organometallic assemblies: bis-terpyridine-Ru(II) connectivity"
    Wang,P.; Newkome,G.R.; Wesdemiotis,C.
    Int. J. Mass. Spectrom. 2006, 255-256, 86-92


  • "Synthesis and Single-Crystal X-Ray Characterization of 4,4''-Functionalized 4'-(4-Bromophenyl)-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine"
    Eryazici,I.; Moorefield,C.N.; Durmaus,S.; Newkome,G.R.
    J. Org. Chem. 2006, 71, 1009-1014


  • "Modern Terpyridine Chemistry"
    Schubert,U.S.; Hofmeier,H.; Newkome,G.R.
    Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2006




  • "Design, Synthesis, Characterization of Conifer-Shaped Dendritic Architectures"
    Newkome,G.R.; Kotta,K.K.; Moorefield,C.N.
    Chem. Eur. J. 2006, 12, 3726-3734


  • "Dendron-Tethered and Templated CdS Quantum Dots on Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes"
    Hwang,S.-H.; Moorefield,C.N.; Wang,P.; Jeong,K.-U.; Cheng,S.Z.D.; Kotta,K.K.; Newkome,G.R.
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 7505-7509


  • "TerpyridineCuII-mediated reversible nanocomposites of single-wall carbon nanotubes: towards metallo-nanoscale architectures"
    Wang,P.; Moorefield,C.N.; Li,S.; Shreiner,C.D.; Hwang,S.-H.; Newkome,G.R.
    Chem. Commun. 2006, 1091-1093


  • "Synthesis of 5-substituted 1,3-[bis(2,2':6',2"-terpyridin-4'-ylethynyl)]benzene ligands and their coordination-driven self-assembly"
    Hwang,S.-H.; Moorefield,C.N.; Cha,H.-C.; Wang,P.; Newkome,G.R.
    Des. Monom. Polym. 2006, 9, 413-424


  • "Nanoassembly of a Fractal Polymer: A Molecular "Sierpinski Hexagonal Gasket"
    Newkome,G.R.; Wang,P.; Moorefield,C.N.; Cho,T.J.; Mohapatra,P.; Li,S.; Hwang,S.-H.; Lukoyanova,O.; Echegoyen,L.; Palagallo,J.A.; Iancu,V.; Hla,S.-W.
    Science 2006, 312, 1782-1785


  • "Functional Nanohybrids Constructed via Complexation of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes with Novel Hexameric Metallomacrocycles"
    Hwang, S.-H.; Moorefield, C.N.; Dai,L.; Newkome, G.R.
    Chem. Mater. 2006, 18, 4019-4024


  • "Metallodendrimers: Fractals and Photonics"
    Cho,T.J.; Moorefield,C.N.; Wang,P.; Newkome,G.R.
    ACS Symposium Series No. 928
    'Metal-Containing and Metallosupramolecular Polymers and Materials' Schubert, U. S.; Newkome, G. R.; Manners, I., Eds. 2006, Chap. 14; 186-204


  • "Some Structural Observations of Self-assembled, Fibrillar Gels Composed of Two-directional Bolaform Arborols"
    Sun, J.; Yu, K. H.; Russo, P. S.; Pople, J.; Henry, A.; Lyles, B.; McCarley, R. S. Baker, G. R.; Newkome, G. R.
    ACS Symposium Series No. 918,
    'Polymeric Nanofibers' Reneker, D. H.; Fong, H., Eds. 2006, Chap. 26


  • "Construction of Hexameric Zn(II)-Metallomacrocycle and Its Photo- and Electroluminescence Properties: [Zn6(O-hexyl-2,5-bis(2,2':6',2''-terpyridinyl)phenol)6(BF4)12]"
    Hwang,S.-H.; Wang,P.; Moorefield,C.D.; Jung,J.-C.; Kim,J.-Y.; Lee,S.-W.; Newkome,G.R.
    Macromol.Rapid Commun., 2006, 27, 1809-1813


  • "Design, self-assembly, and photophysical properties of pentameric metallomacrocycles: [M5(N-hexyl[1,2-bis(2,2':6',2''-terpyridin-4-yl)]carbazole)5][M = Fe(II), Ru(II), and Zn(II)]"
    Hwang,S.-H.; Wang,P.; Moorefield,C.N.; Godínez,L.A.; Manríquez,J.; Bustos,E.; Newkome,G.R.
    Chem. Commun. 2005, 4672-4674


  • "Regioselective combinatorial-type synthesis, characterization, and physical properties of dendronized cellulose"
    Hassan,M.L.; Moorefield,C.N.; Kotta,K.K.; Newkome,G.R.
    Polymer 2005, 46, 8947-8955


  • "Nanofabrication: Reversible Self-assembly of an Imbedded Hexameric Metallomacrocycle within a Macromolecular Superstructure"
    Wang. P.; Moorefield, C. N.; Newkome, G. R.
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2005, 44, 1679-1683


  • "Convenient Synthesis of 1 -> 3 C-Branched Dendrons"
    Newkome,G.R.; Kotta,K.K.; Moorefield,C.N.
    J. Org. Chem. 2005, 70, 4893-4896


  • "Terpyridine copperII-polycarboxylic acid architectures: formation of dimeric, helical, and cyclic nanostructures and their included-water molecule motifs"
    Wang. P.; Moorefield, C. N.; Panzner, M.; Newkome, G. R.
    Chem. Commun. 2005, 4405-4407


  • "Helical and polymeric nanostructures assembled from benzene tri- and tetracarboxylic acids associated terpyridine copperII complexes"
    Wang. P.; Moorefield, C. N.; Panzner, M.; Newkome, G. R.
    Chem. Commun. 2005, 465-467


  • "Construction of Triangular Alkyne Metallomacrocycles: [M3(1,2-Bis(2,2':6'2"- terpyridin-4-ylethynyl)benzene)3][M = 3FeII, 3RuII, 2FeII-RuII;]"
    Hwang, S. H.; Moorefield, C. N.; Fronczek, F.; Lukoyanova, O.; Echegoyen, L.; Newkome, G. R. Chem. Commun. 2005, 713-715


  • "Regioselective Dendritic Functionalization of Cellulose"
    Hassan, M. L.; Moorefield, C. N.; Newkome, G. R.
    Macromolec. Rapid Commun. 2004, 25, 1999-2002


  • "Capillary microextraction on sol-gel dendrimer coatings"
    Kabir, A.; Hamlet, C.; Yoo, K.-S.; Newkome, G. R.; Malik, A.
    Journal of Chromatography A 2004, 1034(1-2), 1-11


  • "Synthesis, X-ray Structure, and Self-Assembly of Functionalized Bis(2,2':6',2"-terpyridinyl)arenes"
    Pingshan, W.; Moorefield, C. N.; Newkome, G. R.
    Organic Letters 2004, 6(8), 1197-2000


  • "Synthesis of Water-Soluble, Ester-Terminated Dendrons and Dendrimers Containing Internal PEG Linkages"
    Newkome, G. R.; Kotta, K. K.; Mishra, A.; Moorefield, C. N.
    Macromolecules 2004, 37, 8262-8268


  • "Electric Field Effect on the Mobility of Carboxyl-Terminated Dendrimers"
    Seyrek, E.; Dubin, P. L.; Newkome, G. R.
    J. Phys. Chem. B 2004, 108, 10168-10171


  • "Synthesis of Neutral Metallodendrimers possessing Adamantane Termini: Supramolecular Assembly with ß-Cyclodextrin"
    Newkome, G. R.; Kim, H. J.; Choi, K. H.; Moorefield, C. N.
    Macromolecules 2004, 37, 6268-6274


  • "Towards Ordered Architectures: Self-Assembly and Step-Wise Procedures to the Hexameric Metallomacrocycles[(Bisterpyridinyl)Fe(II)6-n-Ru(II)n]6"
    Newkome, G. R.; Cho, T. J.; Moorefield, C. N.; Mohapatra, P. P.; Godínez, L. A. Chem. Eur. J. 2004, 10, 1493-1500


  • "Dendrimers"
    Moorefield, C. N.; Mishra, A.; Newkome, G. R.Encyclopedia of Supramolecular Chemistry 2004, 432-440


  • "Synthesis of 2,2'-Bipyridine: Versatile Building Blocks to Sexy Architectures and Functional Nanomaterials"
    Newkome, G. R.; Patri, A. K.; Holder, E. Schubert, U. S
    Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2004, 2004(2), 235-254


  • "Synthesis of New 1 to (2+1) Monomers for the Construction of Multifunctional Dendrimers"
    Newkome, G. R.; Kim, H. J.; Moorefield, C. N.; Maddi, H.; Yoo, K.-S.
    Macromolecules 2003, 36, 4345-4354


  • "Routes to Metallodendrimers: Synthesis of Isomeric Neutral Metallomacromolecules Based on Bis(2,2':6',2"-terpyridine)Ru(II) Connectivity"
    Newkome, G. R.; Yoo, K.-S.; Kim, H. J.; Moorefield, C. N.
    Chem. Eur. J. 2003, 9, 3367-3374


  • "Metallodendrimers: Homo- and Heterogeneous Tier Construction by Bis(2,2':6',2"-terpyridinyl)Ru(II) Complex Connectivity"
    Newkome, G. R.; Yoo, K.-S.; Moorefield, C. N.
    Tetrahedron 2003, 59, 3955-3964


  • "Linear Analogs of Acid- and Ester-Terminated Polyamido Dendrimers: Design, Syntheses, and Physical Properties"
    Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.; Epperson, J. D.
    Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2003, 18, 3666-3964


  • "Unimolecular Micelles: Supramolecular Use of Dendritic Constructs to Create Versatile Molecular Containers"
    Moorefield, C. N.; Newkome, G. R.
    C. R. Chimie 2003, 6, 715-724


  • "Synthesis, Spectroscopic, and Electrocemical Investigation of New Stilbazolium Dyes"
    Mishra, A.; Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.; Godínez, L. A.
    Dyes Pigm. 2003, 58, 227-237


  • "Spirometallodendrimers: Terpyridine-based Intramolecular Cyclization"
    Newkome, G. R.; Yoo, K.-S.; Moorefield, C. N.
    Chem. Commun. 2002, 2164-2165


  • "Synthesis and Characterization of Immobilized Dendritic Silica Surfaces"
    Newkome, G. R.; Yoo, K.-S.; Moorefield, C. N.
    Des. Monom. and Polym. 2002, 5, 67-77


  • "An Improved Synthesis of an Ethereal Tetraamine Core for Dendrimer Construction,"
    Newkome, G. R.; Mishra, A.; Moorefield, C. N.
    J. Org. Chem. 2002, 67, 3957-3960


  • "Hexagonal Terpyridine-Ruthenium and Iron Macrocyclic Complexes via Step-Wise and Self-Assembly Processes"
    Newkome, G. R.; Cho, T. J.; Moorefield, C. N.; Baker, G. R.; Cush, R.; Russo, P. S.; Godínez, L.; Saunders, M. J.
    Chem. Eur. J. 2002, 8/13, 2946-2954


  • "Synthesis and Characterization of Immobilized Dendritic Silica Surfaces"
    Newkome, G. R.; Yoo, K. S.; Moorefield, C. N.
    Des. Monom. Polym., 2002, 5/1, 67-77


  • "Dendrimers and Dendrons: Concepts, Syntheses, Applications"
    Newkome, G. R. Moorefield, C. N.; Vögtle, F.
    Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2001

    Introductory chapter co-authored by Professors Wayne Mattice and Coleen Pugh of the University of Akron's College of Polymer Science.


  • For a review of the text, please see: Meijer, B. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2003, 42(20), 2216 - 2217.

  • "Paramagnetic Cobalt(II)as an NMR Probe for Dendrimer Structure: Mobility and Cooperativity of Dendritic Arms"
    Epperson, J. D.; Ming, L.-J.; Baker, G. R.; Newkome, G. R.
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001, 123, 123, 8583-8592


  • "Synthesis of benzyl-terminated dendrons for use in high-resolution capillary gas chromatography"
    Newkome, G. R.; Yoo, K. S.; Kabir, A.; Malik, A.
    Tetrahedron Lett, 2001, 42, 7537-7541


  • "Viscoelastic Properties and Phase Behavior of 12 -tert-Butyl Ester Dendrimer/Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Blends"
    Emran, S. K.; Newkome, G. R.; Harmon, J. P.
    J. Polym. Sci., Part B. Polym. Phys. 2001, 39, 1381-1393


  • "Poly(polyoxometalate) Dendrimers. Molecular Prototypes of New Catalytic Materials"
    Zeng, H.; Newkome, G. R.; Hill, C. L.
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2000, 39(10), 1771-1774


  • "Counterion Binding on Charged Spheres: Effect of pH and Ionic Strength on the Mobility of Carboxyl-Terminated Dendrimers"
    Huang, Q. R.; Dubin, P. L.; Moorefield, C. N.; Newkome, G. R.
    J. Phys. Chem. B 2000, 104, 898-904


  • "Electroactive, Internal Anthraquinonoid Dendritic Cores"
    Newkome, G. R., Narayanan, V. V.; Godínez, L.
    J. Org. Chem. 2000, 65, 1643-1649


  • "Anthraquinone-based extended dendritic monomers: electrochemical comparisons"
    Newkome, G. R.; Narayanan, V. V.; Godínez, L.
    Des. Monom. Polym. 2000, 3(1), 17-24


  • "Electroactive Metallomacromolecules via Tetrakis(2,2':6',2''-Terpyridine)ruthenium(II) Complexes: Dendritic Networks towards Constitutional Isomers and Neutral Species without External Counterions"
    Newkome, G. R.; He, E.; Godínez, L. A.; Baker, G. R.
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 9993-10006


  • "Dendritic Surface Modifications of Activated Polymeric Matrices by Dendritic Attachments"
    Halabi, A.; Pucci, P. A.; Strumia, M. C.; Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.; Baker, G. R.; Woosley, B. D.
    J. Polym. Sci. Part A. Chem. Phys. 2000, 38, 2779-2786


  • "Two-directional Dendritic Macromolecules based on a 3,4-Dihydrothiophene S,S-Dioxide Core: Synthesis and Thermolysis"
    Newkome, G. R.; Weis, C.D.; Abourahma, H.
    ARKIVOC 2000, 1(3), 210-217


  • "Self- and Directed-Assembly of Hexaruthenium Macrocycles"
    Newkome, G. R.; Cho, T. J.; Moorefield, C. N.; Baker, G. R.; Saunders, M. J.; Cush, R.; Russo, P. S.
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 1999, 38, 3717-3721; Angew. Chem. 1999, 111, 3899-3903


  • "Dendrimer Construction and Macromolecular Property Modification via Combinatorial Methods"
    Newkome, G. R.; Childs, B. J.; Rourk, M. J.; Baker, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.
    Biotech. & Bioeng. (Combinatorial Chemistry) 1999, 61, 243-253


  • "Suprasupermolecules with Novel Properties: Metallodendrimers"
    Moorefield, C. N.; He, E.; Newkome, G. R.
    Chem. Revs. 1999, 99, 1689-1746


  • "Interaction of a Polycation with Small Oppositely Charged Dendrimers"
    Zhang, H.; Ray, J.; Manning, G. S.; Moorefield, C. N.; Newkome, G. R.; Dubin, P. L.
    J. Phys. Chem. B, 1999, 103, 2347-2354


  • "Design, Syntheses, Complexation, and Electrochemistry of Polynuclear Metallodendrimers Possessing Internal Metal Binding Loci"
    Newkome, G. R.; Patri, A. K.; Godínez, L. A.
    Eur. J. Chem. 1999, 5, 1445-1451


  • "Complex formation by electrostatic interaction between carboxyl-terminated dendrimers and oppositely charged polyelectrolytes"
    Miura, N.; Dubin, P. L.; Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.
    Langmuir 1999, 15, 4245-4251


  • "NMR Study of Dendrimer Structures Using Paramagnetic Cobalt(III) as a Probe"
    Epperson, J. D.; Ming, L.-J.; Woosley, B. D.; Baker, G. R.; Newkome, G. R.
    Inorg. Chem. 1999, 38, 4498-4502


  • "Neutral Highly Branched Metallomacromolecules: Incorporation of (2,2':6',2''-Terpyridine)-ruthenium(II) Complex without External Counterions"
    Newkome, G. R.; He, E.; Godínez, L.; Baker, G. R.
    Chem. Commun. 1999, 27-28


  • "A Tailored Approach to the Syntheses of Electroactive Dendrimers Based on Diaminoanthraquinone"
    Newkome, G. R.; Narayanan, V. V.; Godínez, L.; Pérez-Cordero, E.; Echegoyen, L.; Luftmann, H.
    Macromolecules 1999, 32, 6782-6791


  • "Molecular Relaxations in Ester-terminated, Amide-based Dendrimers"
    Emran, S. K.; Newkome, G. R.; Weis, C. D.; Harmon, J. P.
    J. Polym. Sci. Part B.: Polym. Phys. 1999, 37, 2025-2038


  • "Molecular recognition using ß-cyclodextrin modified dendrimers: novel building blocks for convergent self-assembly"
    Newkome, G. R.; Godínez, L. A.; Moorefield, C. N.
    Chem. Commun. 1998, 1821-1822


  • "Supramolecular Chemistry within Dendritic Structures"
    Narayanan, V. V.; Newkome, G. R., in 'Topics in Current Chemistry', Vögtle, F. Ed., 1998, 197, 19-77


  • "Suprasupermolecular Chemistry: The Chemistry within the Dendrimer"
    Newkome, G. R.
    Pure & Appld. Chem. 1998, 70, 2337-2343


  • "Construction of Dendritic Assemblies: A Tailored Approach to Isomeric Metallomacromolecules by Means of Bis(2,2':6',2"-terpyridine)ruthenium(II) Connectivity"
    Newkome, G. R.; He, E.; Godínez, L. A.
    Macromolecules 1998, 31, 4382-4386


  • "Syntheses of 1 to 3 branched isocyanate monomers for dendritic construction"
    Newkome, G. R.; Weis, C. D.; Childs, B.J.
    Des. Monom. Polym. 1998, 1, 3-14


  • "Bolaamphiphiles: Golf Balls to Fibers"
    Escamilla, G. H.; Newkome, G. R. in 'Organic Synthesis Highlights III,' Mulzer, J.; Waldmann,H., Eds., Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 1998, 383-390


  • "Isocyanate-based Dendritic Building Blocks:
    Combinatorial Tier Construction and Macromolecular Property Modification"
    Newkome, G. R.; Weis, C. D.; Moorefield, C.N.; Baker, G. R.; Childs, B. J.; Epperson, J.
    Angew. Chem. 1998, 110, 318-321; Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1998, 37, 307-310


  • "Vapoconductivity. Sorption of Organic Vapors Causes Large Increases in the Conductivity of a Dendrimer"
    Miller, L. L.; Kunugi, Y.; Canavesi, A.; Moorefield, C. N.; Newkome, G. R.
    Chem. Mater. 1998, 10, 1751-1754


  • "Catalytically Decontaminating Dendrimers. Poly-tris Arborols Covalently Functionalized with Redox Active Polyoxometalates"
    Zeng, H.; Hill, C. R.; Newkome, G. R. Proc. of the 1997 U. S. Army Chemical Development and Engineering Center and Scientific Conference on Chemical Defense Research, 1997


  • "Observations on the Thermoreversible Gelation of two-directional Arborol Dendrimers in Water - Methanol Mixtures"
    Yu, K. H.; Russo, P. S.; Younger, L.; Henk, W. G.; Hua, D.-W.; Newkome, G. R.; Baker, G.
    J. Polym. Sci. - Polym. Phys. 1997, 35, 2787-2793


  • "Nanometric Dendritic Macromolecules: Stepwise Assembly by Double Ruthenium(II)- 2,2':6'2"-Terpyridine Connectivity"
    Newkome, G. R.; He, E.
    J. Mater. Chem. 1997, 7, 1237-1244


  • "Synthesis and Chemistry of Novel Dendritic Macromolecules Possessing Internal Electroactive Anthraquinonoid Moieties"
    Newkome, G. R.; Narayanan, V. V.; Echegoyen, L.; Pérez-Cordero, E.; Luftmann, H.
    Macromolecules 1997, 30, 5187-5191


  • "Dissociation of Carboxyl-Terminated Cascade Polymers: Comparison to Theory"
    Zhang, H.; Dubin, P. L.; Kaplan, J.; Moorefield, C. N.; Newkome, G. R.
    J. Phys. Chem. B 1997, 101, 3494-3497


  • "Comments on Dendrimers,"
    Newkome, G. R.
    in "Modular Chemistry" Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1997, 201-218


  • "A Study of Dendrimer-Solute Interactions via Electrokinetic Chromatography"
    Kuzdzal, S. A.; Monnig, C. A.; Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1997, 119, 2255-2261


  • "A Useful Dendritic Building Block: Di-tert-butyl4- [(2-Tert-butoxycarbonyl)ethyl]-4-isocyanato- 1,7-heptane-dicarboxylate"
    Newkome, G. R.; Weis, C. D.; Moorefield, C. N.
    Tetrahedron Lett. 1997, 38, 7053-7056


  • "Detection and Functionalization of Dendrimers Possessing Free Carboxylic Acid Moieties"
    Newkome, G. R.; Weis, C. D.; Moorefield, C. N.; Weis, I.
    Macromolecules 1997, 30, 2300-2304


  • "Synthesis of Unsymmetrical 5,5'-Disubstituted 2,2'-Bipyridines"
    Newkome, G. R.; Groß, J.; Patri, A.
    J. Org. Chem. 1997, 62, 3013-3014


  • "Approaches towards Functional Dendrimers: Dendrimers with Incorporated Metal Binding Sites and Their Palladium(II) and Copper(II) Complexes"
    Newkome, G. R.; Groß, J.; Moorefield, C. N.; Woosley, B. D.
    J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1997, 515-516


  • "Dendritic Molecules: Concepts, Syntheses, Perspectives"
    Newkome, G. R. Moorefield, C. N.; Vögtle, F.
    Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 1996

    Introductory chapter co-authored by Professors Wayne Mattice and Coleen Pugh of the University of Akron's College of Polymer Science.


  • For reviews of the text, please see: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1997, 119, 5079; Adv. Mater., 1997, no 9; J. Inst. Chem.(India), 1997, no 1.

  • "Di-tert-butyl4-[2-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)ethyl]- 4-aminoheptanedioate"
    Newkome, G. R.; Weis, C. D.
    Org. Prep. Proc. Int. 1996, 28, 485-488


  • "Size-Exclusion Chromatography of Carboxyl- terminated Dendrimers as a Model for Permeation of Charged Particles into Like-Charged Cavities"
    Shah, G.; Dubin, P. L.; Kaplan, J. I.; Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.; Baker, G. R.
    J. Colloid Interface Sci. 1996, 183, 397-407


  • "6,6-Bis(carboxy-2-oxabutyl)-4,8- dioxa-undecane-1,11-dicarboxylic Acid"
    Newkome, G. R.; Weis, C. D.
    Org. Prep. Proc. Int. 1996, 28, 242-246.


  • "Supramolecular Chemistry of Flexible, Dendritic-based Structures Employing Molecular Recognition"
    Newkome, G. R.; Woosley, B. D.; He, E.; Moorefield, C. N.; Güther, R.; Baker, G. R.; Escamilla, G. H.; Merrill, J.; Luftmann, H.
    J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1996, 2737-2738


  • "Dendrimers," in Comprehensive Supramolecular Chemistry,
    Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N. Atwood, J. L.; MacNicol, D. D.; Davies, J. E. D.; Vögtle, F. exec. eds., Reinhoudt, D. N., vol. ed., Pergamon Press, New York, 1996, Volume 10, Chapter, 26, 777-832


  • "Trimethyl methanetricarboxylate)" in Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis,
    Baker, G. R.; Newkome, G. R.
    Coates, R. M. Ed., Wiley and Sons, 1996


  • "Design, Syntheses, and Supramolecular Chemistry of Smart Cascade Polymers," in "From Simplicity to Complexity in Chemistry and Beyond"
    Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.Müller, A.; Dress, A.; Vögtle, F., Eds., Vieweg & Sohn, Braunschweig/Wiesbaden, 1996, 127-136


  • "'Smart' Cascade Macromolecules: From Arborols to Unimolecular Micelles and Beyond," in NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences-Vol. 456, "Molecular Engineering for Advanced Materials"
    Newkome, G. R.; Baker, G. R.
    Becher, J.; Schaumburg, K., Eds., Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1995, pp. 59-75


  • "The crystal structure of 2-amino-5,5'- bis(ß-cyanoethyl)-1,2-pyrrolenine N-oxide monohydrate"
    Newkome, G. R.; Weis, C. D.; Fronczek, F. R.
    J. Chem. Cryst. 1995, 9, 569-571


  • "Routes to Dendritic Networks: Bis-Dendrimers by Coupling of Cascade Macromolecules through Metal Centers"
    Newkome, G. R.; Güther, R.; Moorefield, C. N.; Cardullo, F.; Echegoyen, L.; Perez-Cordero, E.; Luftmann, H.
    Angew. Chem. 1995, 107, 2159-2162; Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1995, 34, 2023-2026


  • "Supramolecular Chemistry of Cascade Polymers: Construction, Molecular Inclusion, and Inorganic Connectivity"
    Newkome, G. R.; Güther, R.; Cardullo, F.
    Macromol. Symp.- "Polymers: Materials for the 21st Century" 1995, 98, 467-474


  • "A Novel General Synthetic Strategy for Functionalized Oligo(bipyridines): New Building Blocks for Supramolecular Chemistry and Their First Application in Macromolecules"
    Eisenbach, C. D.; Schubert, U. S.; Baker, G. R.; Newkome, G. R.
    J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1995, 69-70


  • "Cascade Molecules," in Mesomolecules: From Molecules to Materials,
    Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.
    Search Series 1, Mendenhall, G. D.; Greenberg, A.; Liebman, J. F., Eds., Chapman & Hall, New York, 1995, Chapter 2, pp. 27-68


  • "Reduction of Nitro Substituted Tertiary Alkanes"
    Weis, C. D.; Newkome, G. R.
    Synthesis 1995, 1053-1065


  • "'Smart' Cascade Polymers. Modular Syntheses of Four-directional Dendritic Macromolecules with Acidic, Neutral, or Basic Terminal Groups and the Effect of pH Changes on their Hydrodynamic Radii"
    Young, J. K.; Baker, G. R.; Newkome, G. R.; Morris, K. F.; Johnson, Jr., C. S.
    Macromolecules 1994, 27, 3464-3471


  • "Dendrimer Electrokinetic Capillary Chromatography: Unimolecular Micellar Behavior of Carboxylic Acid Terminated Cascade Macromolecules"
    Monnig, C.; Kuzdzal, S. A.; Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.
    J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1994, 2139-2140


  • "Bolaamphiphiles"
    Escamilla, G. H.; Newkome, G. R.
    Angew. Chem. 1994, 106, 2013-2015; Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1994, 33, 1937-1940


  • "Metallo-and MetalloidomicellaneTM Derivatives: Incorporation of Metals and Metalloids within Cascade Superstructures"
    Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.
    Makromol. Symposia 1994, 77, 63-71


  • "Chemistry within A Unimolecular Micelle: Boron Superclusters via Site-and Depth-specific Transformations of Cascade Molecules"
    Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.; Keith, J, M.; Baker, G. R.; Escamilla, G. H.
    Angew. Chem. 1994, 106, 701-703; Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1994, 33, 666-668


  • "Di-tert-butyl4-[2- (tert-butoxycarbonyl)ethyl]-4-nitroheptanedioate, C22H39NO8"
    Newkome, G. R.; Baker, G. R.; Behera, R. K.;
    Fronczek, F. R.
    Acta Cryst.1994, C50, 120-122


  • "Metallomicellanols: Incorporation of Ruthenium(II)-2,2':6',2''-Terpyridine Triades into Cascade Polymers"
    Newkome, G. R.; Cardullo, F.; Constable, E. C.; Moorefield, C. N.; Cargill Thompson, A. M. W.
    J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1993, 925-927


  • "Cascade Polymers.pH Dependence of Hydrodynamic Radii of Acid Terminated Dendrimers"
    Newkome, G. R.; Young, J. K.; Baker, G. R.; Potter, R. L.; Audoly, L.; Cooper, D.; Weis, C. D.; Morris, K.; Johnson Jr., C. S.
    Macromolecules 1993, 26, 2394-2396


  • "Proposed Nomenclature for Dendritic Macromolecules"
    Newkome, G. R.; Baker, G. R.; Young, J. K.; Traynham, J. G.
    J. Polym. Sci.: A. Polym. Chem. 1993, 31, 641-651


  • "5,5-Bis(4-cyano-2-oxabutyl)-1,9-dicyano-3,7-dioxanonane"
    Newkome, G. R.; Weis, C. D.; Lin, X.; Fronczek, F. R.
    Acta Cryst. 1993, C49, 998-1000


  • "Synthesis of Core Functionalized Two-directional Cascade Polymers: Effects of Core Variation"
    Newkome, G. R.; Lin, X.; Yaxiong, C.; Escamilla, G. H.
    J. Org. Chem. 1993, 58, 3123-3129


  • "Synthesis of Functionalized Cascade Cores. Tetrakis(bromoalkyl)methanes"
    Newkome, G. R.; Arai, S.; Fronczek, F. R.; Moorefield, C. N.; Lin, X.; Weis, C. D.
    J. Org. Chem. 1993, 58, 898-903


  • "Building Blocks for Dendritic Polymers"
    Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.; Baker, G. R.
    Aldrichem. Acta 1992, 25 (2), 31-38


  • "Synthesis of Aryl Aminoester Building Blocks for Dendritic Macromolecule Construction"
    Newkome, G. R.; Lin, X.; Young, J. K.
    Synlett 1992, 53-54


  • "Synthesis and Characterization of Four-directional Spherical Dendritic Macromolecules Based on Adamantane"
    Newkome, G. R.; Nayak, A.; Behera, R. K.; Moorefield, C. N.
    J. Org. Chem. 1992, 57, 358-362


  • "Supramolecular Self-assemblies of Two-directional Cascade Polymers: Automorphogenesis"
    Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.; Baker, G. R.; Behera, R. K.; Escamilla, G. H.; Saunders, M. J.
    Angew. Chem.
    1992, 104, 901-903; Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1992, 31, 917-919


  • "Unimolecular Micelles"
    Newkome, G. R.
    Proceedings of the II NATO ASI Series: Supramolecular Chemistry, Balzani, V.; DeCola, L. eds.,
    Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1992, pp. 145-155


  • "Polytryptopanes Terminated Dendritic Macromolecules"
    Newkome, G. R.; Lin, X.; Weis, C. D.
    Tetrahedron: Asymmetry 1991, 2, 957-960


  • "Four-directional Building Blocks for the Synthesis of Cascade Polymers"
    Weis, C. D.; Newkome, G. R.
    J. Org. Chem. 1991, 56, 4798-4799


  • "Symmetrical, Four-directional Poly(ethereal amides) Cascade Molecules"
    Newkome, G. R.; Lin, X.
    Macromolecules 1991, 24, 1443-1444


  • "Silvanols. Water-soluble Calixarenes"
    Newkome, G. R.; Hu, Y.; Saunders, M. J.; Fronczek, F. R.
    Tetrahedron Lett. 1991, 32, 1133-1136


  • "Syntheses and Characterization of One-directional Arborols Based on Adamantane"
    Newkome, G. R.; Behera, R. J.; Moorefield, C. N.; Baker, G. R.
    J. Org. Chem. 1991, 56, 7162-7169


  • "Saturated Hydrocarbon Cascade Polymers Possessing Micellar Topology: Micellanoic Acid Derivatives"
    Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.; Baker, G. R.; Johnson, A. L.; Behera, R. K.
    Angew. Chem. 1991, 103, 1205-1207; Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1991, 30, 1176-1178


  • "Facile Elimination of Nitrous Acid from Quaternary Nitroalkanes"
    Weis, C. D.; Newkome, G. R.
    J. Org. Chem. 1990, 55, 5801-5802


  • "Synthesis and Characterization of Two-directional Cascade Polymers"
    Newkome, G. R.; Baker, G. R.; Arai, S.; Saunders, M. J.; Russo, P. S.; Theriot, K. J.; Moorefield, C. N.; Rogers, L. E.; Miller, J. E.; Lieux, T. R.; Murray, M. E.; Phillips, B.; Pascal, L.
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1990, 112, 8458-8465


  • "A Convenient Synthesis of Bis-homoTris: 4-Amino-4-(3-hydroxy-propyl)-1,7-heptanediol and 1-Azoniapropellane"
    Newkome, G. R.; Moorefield, C. N.; Theriot, K. J.
    J. Org. Chem. 1988, 53, 5552-5554


  • "A Convenient Synthesis of Tetrakis(2-bromoethyl) methane"
    Newkome, G. R.; Gupta, V. K.; Griffin, R. W.; Arai, S.
    J. Org. Chem. 1987, 52, 5480-5482


  • "Two-directional Cascade Molecules. Synthesis and Characterization of [9]-n-[9]-Arborols"
    Newkome, G. R.; Baker, G. R.; Saunders, M. J.; Russo, P. S.; Gupta, V. K. Yao, Z.-q.; Miller, J. E.; Bouillon, K.
    J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun.1986, 752-753


  • "Cascade Molecules. Synthesis and Characterization of a Benzene [9]3-Arborol"
    Newkome, G. R.; Yao, Z.-q.; Baker, G. R.; Gupta, V. K.; Russo, P. S.; Saunders, M. J.
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1986, 108, 849-850


  • "Cascade Molecules: A [27]-Arborol"
    Newkome, G. R.; Gupta, V. K.; Baker, G. R.; Qi-yao, Z.
    J. Org. Chem. 1985, 50, 2003-2005






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